Pediatric-specific difficult airway guidelines include algorithms for 3 scenarios: unanticipated difficult tracheal intubation, difficult mask ventilation, and cannot intubate/cannot ventilate. While rare, these instances may require front-of-neck access (FONA) to secure an airway until a definitive airway can be established.
A 3-dimensional–printed tracheal model was developed using rescaled, anatomically accurate dimensions from a computerized tomography scan using computer-aided design software.
A multidisciplinary team of anesthesiology, otolaryngology, and simulation experts refined the model.
Experts in airway management were recruited to rate the realism of the model’s characteristics and features and their own ability to complete specific FONA-related tasks.
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SourceKovatch, Kevin J. MD; Powell, Allison R. MSE; Green, Kevin BS; et al. Development and Multidisciplinary Preliminary Validation of a 3-Dimensional–Printed Pediatric Airway Model for Emergency Airway Front-of-Neck Access Procedures. Anesthesia & Analgesia: February 2020 – Volume 130 – Issue 2 – p 445-451 doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003774