In the past, bronchial endoscopy called for the use of the rigid bronchoscope and was consequently used very infrequently in children. The advent of thin and ultrathin fiberoptic bronchoscopes has considerably extended the use of this procedure, even in the neonatal field.
We have undertaken a survey to establish current practices and differences in the use of bronchoscopes in children in European centres. A questionnaire was sent to all 220 members of the Paediatric Assembly of the European Respiratory Society (ERS). The questions concerned th following points: indications for bronchoscopy; site of bronchoscopy; type of sedation; any oxygen supplementation during the procedure; number of procedures performed in the previous 12 months; number of procedures performed in the neonatal intensive care unit; number of bronchoalveolar lavages (BALs); side-effects during and after the procedures; and diagnostic yield.
SourceA. Barbato, M. Magarotto, M. Crivellaro, et Al. Use of the paediatric bronchoscope, flexible and rigid, in 51 European centres Eur Respir J 1997; 10: 1761–1766 DOI: 10.1183/09031936.97.10081761